“History is written by the Victors.”
~ Walter Benjamin
This is my first Thanksgiving in the United States, and from the lot I have to be thankful for, one more reason is this awesome opportunity I have to experience this season right in the United States; seeing the crash in shopping prices, the various Thanksgiving parades, the national holiday – it’s all so exciting and something definitely to be thankful for. Thank You Atlas Corps!!!
With the much I am learning about America and her culture, this Thanksgiving season has given me plenty of insight and understanding. Seeing how important Americans take this season, my curiosity begged for attention. As held by many, the season provides a time of reflection, sharing and a time to show gratitude for the blessing of life – this is what it has come to mean. However, an event I attended earlier this month and what the speaker, Maggie Dunne, shared on prompted me to take a historical look beyond today’s Thanksgiving celebrations. And with the light cast on the true reality of today’s America as a people by the elections, it became even more evident how important it is to keep this season in perspective in order to endear healthy conversations and sharing moments across the differences as we have come to know it.
As with one of the authors of the text I used as a resource, I too am faced with the professional and moral dilemma of just how to honestly and informatively approach the subject of Thanksgiving without perpetuating historical distortions, and racial and cultural stereotypes.
THE REAL STORY OF THANKSGIVING
Most of us associate the holiday with happy Pilgrims and Indians sitting down to a big feast. And that did happen – once.
The story began in 1614 when a band of English explorers sailed home to England with a ship full of Patuxet Indians bound for slavery. They left behind smallpox which virtually wiped out those who had escaped. By the time the Pilgrims arrived in Massachusetts Bay they found only one living Patuxet Indian, a man named Squanto who had survived slavery in England and knew their language. He taught them to grow corn and to fish, and negotiated a peace treaty between the Pilgrims and the Wampanoag Nation. At the end of their first year, the Pilgrims held a great feast honoring Squanto and the Wampanoags.
But as word spread in England about the paradise to be found in the new world, religious zealots called Puritans began arriving by the boat load. Finding no fences around the land, they considered it to be in the public domain. Joined by other British settlers, they seized land, capturing strong young Natives for slaves and killing the rest. But the Pequot Nation had not agreed to the peace treaty Squanto had negotiated and they fought back. The Pequot War was one of the bloodiest Indian wars ever fought.
In 1637 near present day Groton, Connecticut, over 700 men, women and children of the Pequot Tribe had gathered for their annual Green Corn Festival which is our Thanksgiving celebration. In the predawn hours the sleeping Indians were surrounded by English and Dutch mercenaries who ordered them to come outside. Those who came out were shot or clubbed to death while the terrified women and children who huddled inside the longhouse were burned alive. The next day the governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony declared “A Day Of Thanksgiving” because 700 unarmed men, women and children had been murdered.
Cheered by their “victory”, the brave colonists and their Indian allies attacked village after village. Women and children over 14 were sold into slavery while the rest were murdered. Boats loaded with a many as 500 slaves regularly left the ports of New England. Bounties were paid for Indian scalps to encourage as many deaths as possible.
Following an especially successful raid against the Pequot in what is now Stamford, Connecticut, the churches announced a second day of “thanksgiving” to celebrate victory over the heathen savages. During the feasting, the hacked off heads of Natives were kicked through the streets like soccer balls. Even the friendly Wampanoag did not escape the madness. Their chief was beheaded, and his head impaled on a pole in Plymouth, Massachusetts — where it remained on display for 24 years.
The killings became more and more frenzied, with days of thanksgiving feasts being held after each successful massacre. George Washington finally suggested that only one day of Thanksgiving per year be set aside instead of celebrating each and every massacre. Later Abraham Lincoln decreed Thanksgiving Day to be a legal national holiday during the Civil War — on the same day he ordered troops to march against the starving Sioux in Minnesota.
This story doesn’t have quite the same fuzzy feelings associated with it as the one where the Indians and Pilgrims are all sitting down together at the big feast. But we need to learn our true history so it won’t ever be repeated. Next Thanksgiving, when you gather with your loved ones to Thank God for all your blessings, think about those people who only wanted to live their lives and raise their families. They, also took time out to say “thank you” to Creator for all their blessings.
So there you have it. I hope you found this as informative as I did. Let this season lead you to know more about the indigenous people of the United States. You can also Stand with the Water Protectors at Standing Rock in person or on social media using the hashtag #NoDAPL. Also a Petition to Stop construction of the Dakota Access Pipeline which endangers the water supply to Native American reservations is still live. You can learn more about it and support it.