The country with the third largest number of people living with HIV/AIDS is found in Nigeria with a prevalence rate of 3.9% among adults ages 15 – 49. The epidemic in Nigeria is multifaceted depending entirely on the region. Despite increases in HIV initiatives at the national, state and local government levels- barriers still exist in the provision of and access to HIV services. Nigeria has not been able to effectively address the AIDS epidemic however Nigeria has attempted to coordinate governmental responses to HIV/AIDS. The National Agency for the Control of AIDS (NACA) along with relevant stakeholders such as Civil Society Organizations (CSOs), developmental partners, Ministries, Departments and Agencies (MDAs) developed the National HIV/AIDS Strategic Framework 2010 -2015 to guide national responses to HIV/AIDS which has also been replicated at the State level.
Current laws in Nigeria tend to discriminate against HIV/AIDS patients and discourage people from seeking treatment. The need for the protection of human rights in HIV/AIDS is vital because of the stigma and discrimination surrounding it. Nigeria does not have an Anti-Stigma law- though the bill has been presented before the national legislature in the 2003, 2007, 2011 legislative circles. The Anti-stigma Bill is important and necessary because a country’s laws, rules and policies regarding HIV and AIDS can have a significant effect on the lives of people living and affected with HIV and AIDS, the bill will protect the rights and dignity of people living with and affected by HIV/AIDS, eliminate all forms of discrimination based on an individual’s HIV status as well as promote appropriate and effective ways of managing HIV in the workplace.