Internationally, many news about Central America is heard, unfortunately, most of these news are not good or pleasant news, it is true that the region has many problems but there are also many good things to be known, one of those good things is work what is being done to reduce the use of fuel in the generation of electricity, Central America has a very good percentage of clean energy use and most countries in this region focus their energy policies on achieving 100% clean energy in their energy matrices.
Historically, Central America has been powered mostly by hydropower, but in the mid-1990s hydro’s share dropped as it began to be replaced by fossil fuels. In the mid-2000s, increasing shares of renewables, such as wind in Costa Rica, Honduras, and Nicaragua, geothermal in El Salvador, biomass in almost all the countries in the region, this helps to decreased the region’s dependence on oil.
Another point to note is that the use of solar energy is being incorporated, in this issue about Honduras leaving but the rest of the countries follow the same path.
Central America has the largest share of renewables (56 per cent) and the most diverse mixture of renewable generation, composed of biomass, geothermal, wind, and hydro. El Salvador stands out in Central America in the generation of Geothermal energy, it even has the capacity to increase the generation of this kind energy.
Another special feature of the region is The Central American Electrical Interconnection System (SIEPAC) is the regional grid system, with 1,800 kilometers of transmission lines that connect 35 million electricity consumers from Guatemala to Panama. This allows an improvement in the competitiveness and the power to share the clean energies generated between the countries.
It is clear that there are many barriers in the region, for Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua, especially of the economic type or to finance projects but even so it is expected that by 2020 these countries will equal Costa Rica and achieve almost 100% of the generation of clean energies.